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    《聯合國國際貨物買賣合同公約》中英文對照
    信息來源:國際貿易法律網 發布時間:2012-7-16 11:33:17 閱讀次數:次 我要評論
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    《聯合國國際貨物買賣合同公約》中英文對照

    United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods(1980) [CISG]

      《聯合國國際貨物買賣合同公約》共分為四個部分:

     。1)適用范圍;(2)合同的成立;(3)貨物買賣;(4)最后條款。全文共101條。公約的主要內容包括以下四個方面:   

      1.公約的基本原則。建立國際經濟新秩序的原則、平等互利原則與兼顧不同社會、經濟和法律制度的原則。這些基本原則是執行、解釋和修訂公約的依據,也是處理國際貨物買賣關系和發展國際貿易關系的準繩。   

      2.適用范圍。第一,公約只適用于國際貨物買賣合同,即營業地在不同國家的雙方當事人之間所訂立的貨物買賣合同,但對某些貨物的國際買賣不能適用該公約作了明確規定。第二,公約適用于當事人在締約國內有營業地的合同,但如果根據適用于“合同”的沖突規范,該“合同”應適用某一締約國的法律,在這種情況下也應適用“銷售合同公約”,而不管合同當事人在該締約國有無營業所。對此規定,締約國在批準或者加入時可以聲明保留。第三,雙方當事人可以在合同中明確規定不適用該公約。(適用范圍不允許締約國保留)   

      3.合同的訂立。包括合同的形式和發價(要約)與接受(承諾)的法律效力。   

      4.買方和賣方的權利義務。第一,賣方責任主要表現為三項義務:交付貨物;移交一切與貨物有關的單據;移轉貨物的所有權。第二,買方的責任主要表現為兩項義務:支付貨物價款;收取貨物。第三,詳細規定賣方和買方違反合同時的補救辦法。第四,規定了風險轉移的幾種情況。第五,明確了根本違反合同和預期違反合同的含義以及當這種情況發生時,當事人雙方所應履行的義務。第六,對免責根據的條件作了明確的規定。

      補充:   

      CISG 聯合國國際貨物銷售合同公約(the United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods)。根據聯合國大會的授權,聯合國國際貨物銷售合同會議于1980年3月10日至4月11日在奧地利維也納舉行(維也納會議),共62個國家的代表出席。在這次會議上通過了該公約。1988年公約在達到法定批準國家數額后正式生效。我國于1986年12月向聯合國秘書長遞交了該公約的批準書,成為該公約的締約國。但在參加公約時,根據第95、96條的規定,我國對該公約第11條以及第1條第1款b項作了保留。

     

    【Promulgation Date】1980.04.11簽訂于維也納

    THE STATES PARTIES TO THIS CONVENTION,

    BEARING IN MIND the broad objectives in the resolutions adopted by the sixth special session of the General Assembly of the United Nations on the establishment of a New International Economic Order,

    CONSIDERING that the development of international trade on the basis of equality and mutual benefit is an important element in promoting friendly relations among States,

    BEING OF THE OPINION that the adoption of uniform rules which govern contracts for the international sale of goods and take into account the different social, economic and legal systems would contribute to the removal of legal barriers in international trade and promote the development of international trade,

    HAVE DECREED as follows:

      本公約各締約國,銘記聯合國大會第六屆特別會議通過的關于建立新的國際經濟秩序的各項決議的廣泛目標,考慮到在平等互利基礎上發展國際貿易是促進各國間友好關系的一個重要因素,認為采用照顧到不同的社會、經濟和法律制度的國際貨物銷售合同統一規則,將有助于減少國際貿易的法律障礙,促進國際貿易的發展,茲協議如下:

     

    PART I  SPHERE OF APPLICATION AND GENERAL PROVISIONS

         適用范圍和總則

    Chapter I SPHERE OF APPLICATION

         適用范圍

    Article 1

    (1) This Convention applies to contracts of sale of goods between parties whose places of business are in different States:

      本公約適用于營業地在不同國家的當事人之間所訂立的貨物銷售合同

    (a) when the States are Contracting States; or

      如果這些國家是締約國;或

    (b) when the rules of private international law lead to the application of the law of a Contracting State.

      如果國際私法規則導致適用某一締約國的法律

    (2) The fact that the parties have their places of business in different States is to be disregarded whenever this fact does not appear either from the contract or from any dealings between, or from information disclosed by, the parties at any time before or at the conclusion of the contract.

    當事人營業地在不同國家的事實,如果從合同或從訂立合同前任何時候或訂立合同時,當事人之間的任何交易或當事人透露的情報均看不出,應不予考慮。

    (3) Neither the nationality of the parties nor the civil or commercial character of the parties or of the contract is to be taken into consideration in determining the application of this Convention.

      在確定本公約的適用時,當事人的國籍和當事人或合同的民事或商業性質,應不予考慮。

     

    Article 2

    This Convention does not apply to sales:

    本公約不適用于以下的銷售

    (a) of goods bought for personal, family or household use, unless the seller, at any time before or at the conclusion of the contract, neither knew nor ought to have known that the goods were bought for any such use;

      購供私人、家人或家庭使用的貨物的銷售,除非賣方在訂立合同前任何時候或訂立合同時不知道而且沒有理由知道這些貨物是購供任何這種使用

    (b) by auction;

      經由拍賣的銷售

    (c) on execution or otherwise by authority of law;

      根據法律執行令狀或其它令狀的銷售

    (d) of stocks, shares, investment securities, negotiable instruments or money;

      公債、股票、投資證券、流通票據或貨幣的銷售

    (e) of ships, vessels, hovercraft or aircraft;

      船舶、船只、氣墊船或飛機的銷售

    (f) of electricity.

     電力的銷售

     

    Article 3

    (1) Contracts for the supply of goods to be manufactured or produced are to be considered sales unless the party who orders the goods undertakes to supply a substantial part of the materials necessary for such manufacture or production.

      供應尚待制造或生產的貨物的合同應視為銷售合同,除非訂購貨物的當事人保證供應這種制造或生產所需的大部分重要材料

    (2) This Convention does not apply to contracts in which the preponderant part of the obligations of the party who furnishes the goods consists in the supply of labour or other services.

      本公約不適用于供應貨物一方的絕大部分義務在于供應勞力或其它服務的合同

     

    Article 4

    This Convention governs only the formation of the contract of sale and the rights and obligations of the seller and the buyer arising from such a contract. In particular, except as otherwise expressly provided in this Convention, it is not concerned with:本公約只適用于銷售合同的訂立和賣方和買方因此種合同而產生的權利和義務。特別是,本公約除非另有明文規定,與以下事項無關

    (a) the validity of the contract or of any of its provisions or of any usage;

      合同的效力,或其任何條款的效力,或任何慣例的效力

    (b) the effect which the contract may have on the property in the goods sold.

      合同對所售貨物所有權可能產生的影響

     

    Article 5

    This Convention does not apply to the liability of the seller for death or personal injury caused by the goods to any person.

    本公約不適用于賣方對于貨物對任何人所造成的死亡或傷害的責任


    Article 6

    The parties may exclude the application of this Convention or, subject to article 12, derogate from or vary the effect of any of its provisions.

    雙方當事人可以不適用本公約,或在第十二條的條件下,減損本公約的任何規定或改變其效力


    Chapter II

    GENERAL PROVISIONS總則

     

    Article 7

    (1) In the interpretation of this Convention, regard is to be had to its international character and to the need to promote uniformity in its application and the observance of good faith in international trade.

      在解釋本公約時,應考慮到本公約的國際性質和促進其適用的統一以及在國際貿易上遵守誠信的需要

    (2) Questions concerning matters governed by this Convention which are not expressly settled in it are to be settled in conformity with the general principles on which it is based or, in the absence of such principles, in conformity with the law applicable by virtue of the rules of private international law.

      凡本公約未明確解決的屬于本公約范圍的問題,應按照本公約所依據的一般原則來解決,在沒有一般原則的情況下,則應按照國際私法規定適用的法律來解決

     

    Article 8

    (1) For the purposes of this Convention statements made by and other conduct of a party are to be interpreted according to his intent where the other party knew or could not have been unaware what that intent was.

      為本公約的目的,一方當事人所作的聲明和其它行為,應依照他的意旨解釋,如果另一方當事人已知道或者不可能不知道此一意旨

    (2) If the preceding paragraph is not applicable, statements made by and other conduct of a party are to be interpreted according to the understanding that a reasonable person of the same kind as the other party would have had in the same circumstances.

      如果上一款的規定不適用,當事人所作的聲明和其它行為,應按照一個與另一方當事人同等資格、通情達理的人處于相同情況中,應有的理解來解釋

    (3) In determining the intent of a party or the understanding a reasonable person would have had, due consideration is to be given to all relevant circumstances of the case including the negotiations, any practices which the parties have established between themselves, usages and any subsequent conduct of the parties.

      在確定一方當事人的意旨或一個通情達理的人應有的理解時,應適當地考慮到與事實有關的一切情況,包括談判情形、當事人之間確立的任何習慣作法、慣例和當事人其后的任何行為

     

    Article 9

    (1) The parties are bound by any usage to which they have agreed and by any practices which they have established between themselves.

      雙方當事人業已同意的任何慣例和他們之間確立的任何習慣做法,對雙方當事人均有約束力

    (2) The parties are considered, unless otherwise agreed, to have impliedly made applicable to their contract or its formation a usage of which the parties knew or ought to have known and which in international trade is widely known to, and regularly observed by, parties to contracts of the type involved in the particular trade concerned.

      除非另有協議,雙方當事人應視為已默示地同意對他們的合同或合同的訂立適用雙方當事人已知道或理應知道的慣例,而這種慣例,在國際貿易上,已為有關特定貿易所涉同類合同的當事人所廣泛知道并為他們所經常遵守

     

    Article 10

    For the purposes of this Convention: 為本公約的目的


    (a) if a party has more than one place of business, the place of business is that which has the closest relationship to the contract and its performance, having regard to the circumstances known to or contemplated by the parties at any time before or at the conclusion of the contract;

      果當事人有一個以上的營業地,則以與合同及合同的履行關系最密切的營業地為其營業地,但要考慮到雙方當事人在訂立合同前任何時候或訂立合同時所知道或所設想的情況

    (b) if a party does not have a place of business, reference is to be made to his habitual residence.

      如果當事人沒有營業地,則以其慣常居住地為準

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